leatherleaf chamaedaphne calyculata

Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. It grows in bogs and other wetland areas, as well as High Peaks summits, in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. The tubular flowers are ¼ to 1/3 inch long, wider at the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening below. Associate species include sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia), bog-rosemary (Andromeda polifolia var. The leaves are simple and alternate and leathery in texture. The flowers are followed by round, reddish capsules that persist through the winter. LEATHERLEAF Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench Plant Symbol = CHCA2 Contributed By: USDA, NRCS, National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program Alternate common name Cassandra Uses Leatherleaf reclaimed large areas in raised bogs in the eastern United States that had been denuded by commercial peat removal. In more nitrogen-poor situations, round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) and occasionally pitcher-plant (Sarracenia purpurea) may occur. latifolia (Aiton) Fernald: leatherleaf CHCAN: Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. Plant database entry for Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) with 19 images, one comment, and 27 data details. New growth is brown, scaly and finely hairy, older branches turn gray with a fine exfoliating bark texture. Small, white, hanging, urn-shaped flowers appear in spring in leafy sprays from the branch tips Sepals are triangular, scaly and a coppery color. Leatherleaf is a member of the Heath Family (Ericaceae). The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is common and abundant shrub of northern wetlands. Your email address: (required) It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to June. Accept These leatherleafs are common there. Plant has largely overtaken blueberry that was once the dominant and soft-after crop. Leaf edges are slightly rolled under and finely toothed. What are synonyms for Chamaedaphne? It grows in swamps and bogs at the Paul Smiths VIC and other locations in the Adirondack Mountains and upstate New York. Its thick, leathery evergreen foliage points upward while its tiny white flowers bloom below the upturned foliage along its branches from April to June and have a delicate refreshing scent. A mature plant has many flowering branches. Leatherleaf definition, an evergreen shrub, Chamaedaphne calyculata, of the heath family, having leathery leaves and one-sided clusters of white, bell-shaped flowers, occurring in … We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. To learn more about leatherleaf, otherwise known as Chamaedaphne calyculata, read on. Like many other members of the Heather family, its leaves are poisonous. Thanks for your understanding. As small, needy shrubs go this is quite the beauty to behold. However, based on stratigraphy and radiocarbon dating, leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) dominated peatlands made the transition from lake to peatland between 2250-5550 [C.sup.14] ybp earlier than other types of peatlands, both Sphagnum-dominated and non-Sphagnum-dominated (Fig. We’ll provide lots of leatherleaf plant info, plus tips on how to grow leatherleaf shrubs. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, A Spectacular Spring Border Idea with Brilliant Tulips and Cotinus, A Super Climbing Duo with Crimson Roses and Purple Clematis, A Glowing Fall Border with Asters, Dogwood and Grasses, A Fragrant and Colorful Summer Border Idea, A Colorful Summer Border Idea with Easy-to-Grow Plants, A Glowing Winter Border with Dogwood, Heath and Grasses, A Glowing Fall Border with Asters, Chinese Lanterns and Butterfly Bushes, A Charming Plant Combination for Shady Gardens: Hydrangea, Japanese Maple and Boxwood, A Spring Border Idea with Lilac, Columbine and Meadow Rue. Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Range map for Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata). leather-leaf Family: Ericaceae: population in a bog: plants: plants: branch: leaves: flowers : This is a relatively easy species to learn to recognize and it is the most frequent and generally the most abundant shrub in our Wisconsin bogs. See the glossary for icon descriptions. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Ericaceae (heath family) This Genus’s Species in New England: Chamaedaphne calyculata; Visit this genus in the Dichotomous Key. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Your Name: Leaves are leathery, elongated oval or elliptical with blunt base and blunt to rounded or tapered tips, ¾ to 1½ inches long, ¼ to ½ inch wide, on a short, scaly brown stalk. Genus: Chamaedaphne. Located off the Railroad tracks between Hibbing and Nashwauk is a Coniferous bog. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. In Minnesota it occurs in the north-central and northeast regions south to the Metro region. This ravishing garden scene can be enjoyed in late spring... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Upper surface dark green with a smooth sheen, undersides pale greenish brown with scales. Chamaedaphne calyculata – Leatherleaf is a less commonly offered member of the Ericaceae. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Synonyms for Chamaedaphne in Free Thesaurus. Leatherleaf is perfect for bogs and other wetland areas. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Sepals are triangular, scaly and a coppery color. leatherleaf Ericaceae Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench symbol: CHCA2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, leathery, elliptical to broadly lanceolate, 1 to 1 1/2 inches long, entire or slightly toothed, dark green with white or brown scales, much paler below, often pointing upward from stem. The flowers are attractive to bumblebees. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. angustifolia) is the dominant shrub. Native plant . Antonyms for Chamaedaphne. Grows in an attractive mound, up to 1-3 ft. tall and wide (30-90 cm). Note this is the default cart. I'll try to view the flowers from shore now that I know. Family Ericaceae Genus Chamaedaphne are evergreen shrubs with small, leathery, dark green leaves and waxy, urn-shaped, white flowers Details C. calyculata has arching stems and tough, glossy, dark green leaves. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. What is leatherleaf? Chamaedaphne calyculata Common name: Leatherleaf . SPECIES: Chamaedaphne calyculata GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Leatherleaf is a native evergreen shrub that grows up to 4.9 feet (1.5 m) tall [ 25 , 43 ]. Simple alternate broadly lanceolate evergreen leaves with lighter silvery green undersides tend to stand vertically on gently arching stems form a clean, attractively articulated shrub. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Horizontal or arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips, on a short stalk. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Chamaedaphne is a very difficult plant to grow successfully in our nursery, let alone your yard, but if you have the conditions to make it happy ..... . Cultivation of Leather Leaf: Peaty swales, bogs, pine barrens, pond margins etc. Known hazards of Chamaedaphne calyculata: A toxin, called 'andromedotoxin' can be released from the plant if it is infused in boiling water. The tubular flowers are ¼ to 1/3 inch long, wider at the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening below. The bog is filled with these leather-leaf blossoms and cotton grass. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. The species is used for Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Pick an image for a larger view. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. leatherleaf (Description coming soon) Family. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata var. Grows in my pond/bog, but could only view up close in the winter. It occurs throughout northern Europe and Asia and northern North America. E. Busch: leatherleaf Classification. But those growing leatherleaf shrubs say that is not the case. It recovers quickly in peatlands that have been severely disturbed or mined for peat. long (12 cm). Horizontal or arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips, on a short stalk. The leaves of the leatherleaf are only a few inches long and only somewhat leathery. The foliage becomes purplish through the winter. Hypernyms ("Chamaedaphne calyculata" is a kind of...): bush; shrub (a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems) Holonyms ("Chamaedaphne calyculata" is a member of...): Chamaedaphne; genus Chamaedaphne (one species: leatherleaf) Although Chamaedaphne calyculata is widespread in North America, it is critically imperiled or threatened in Illinois and Maryland and imperiled or vulnerable in its range in northeastern British Columbia, Ohio, North Carolina (now nearly extirpated in the mountains, known from a single bog of less than one hectare). Family: Ericaceae: Species: Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench: Common Name: leatherleaf: Habitat: Bogs, edges of ponds, and acidic peaty open sites. Spreads by rhizomes to form dense thickets over time. angustifolia) dominates this community along with a mix of sedges and other herbs. Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. Leather leaf’s buds turn into flowers the preceding summer and it blooms very early. Its woody rhizome extends down an average of 12.6 inches (32 cm) into organic matter [ 27 ]. Little known but great looking and well adapted to wet areas, Leatherleaf is a low growing shrub that forms a dense, spreading thicket. To use the website as intended please  Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. Want help getting started? Leaves in the floral raceme are reduced in size. Leatherleaf, also called cassandra, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). Native to northeastern Europe east across northern Asia to North America. Mostly confined to acidic peatlands where it can form dense extensive monospecific stands or become mixed … It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Leatherleaf is one of the most common evergreen shrubs growing in bogs and fens in the boreal forest region around the northern hemisphere. Only plants will be removed from the collection. Family: heath (Ericaceae) Habitat: bogs, swamps; Height: 1-4 feet; Flower size: 1/4 inch long; Flower color: white; Flowering time: April to June; Origin: native To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf) is a rhizomatous evergreen shrub of dense, mound-shaped habit with upward-arching stems adorned with profuse, urn-shaped, pure white flowers borne in one-sided, terminal racemes, up to 5 in. Where in Minnesota? Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf) is a rhizomatous evergreen shrub of dense, mound-shaped habit with upward-arching stems adorned with profuse, urn-shaped, pure white flowers borne in one-sided, terminal racemes, up to 5 in. Finally, I took a walk out there last week and got a picture to ID it. The bog walk is new this spring. If you're not sure what to do from here, take … Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata var. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk, taken in open wetlands in Aitkin, Anoka and Washington counties. nana (Lodd.) Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Ericales>Ericaceae>Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench This circumboreal wetland shrub is uncommon in pocosins in the Coastal Plain of North Carolina and has been recorded in one county in the Mountain region. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Leatherleaf provides cover for nesting mallards and some other ducks. The aromatic fragrance and leathery surface of the leaves has probably been the reason for its scientific name Chamaedaphne, which means ‘low-growing bay tree’ in ancient Greek. Blooming in mid to late spring, they hang from the upper leaf axils and contrast nicely with the foliage of glossy green, leathery, oval leaves. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring. glaucophylla), purple chokeberry (Photinia prunifolia), black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata), and Labrador-tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum). Create spectacular spring borders like this one. Chamaedaphne calyculata, commonly known as leatherleaf, is a rhizomatous broadleaf evergreen shrub that is native to wet soils in bogs, fens, pond peripheries and meadows in the cooler areas of North America, Europe and Asia. Buy Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf), By Hartmut Goldhahn, Nata Naumovec, Shutterstock. long (12 cm). A mature plant has many flowering branches. In the U. S., it is found in Alaska … Chamaedaphne calyculata; leatherleaf. Leatherleaf forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet high. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, sun; bogs, peatlands, swampy streambanks in coniferous forests. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Once Sphagnum moss is established, leatherleaf can move in and extend the range of a bog mat, providing stable habitat for other bog specialists such as pitcher plants. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) was in full bloom last weekend during my stay in northern Minnesota. Chamaedaphne calyculata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. 1 synonym for Chamaedaphne: genus Chamaedaphne. See notes below regarding use of the plant for tea. There is usually at least a partial layer of sphagnum. A contributing member of the heath family ) this Genus in the boreal forest region around the hemisphere... Toolsto design your dream garden provides cover for nesting mallards and some other ducks Naumovec. Heather family, its leaves are simple and alternate and leathery in.... Sheep laurel ( Kalmia angustifolia ) dominates this community along with a mix of sedges and other in! ( Drosera rotundifolia ) and is pollinated by Insects abundant shrub of the family... Easy and can be enjoyed in late spring... use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden is quite beauty! To create additional collections, you can leatherleaf chamaedaphne calyculata about them here tracks between Hibbing and is... To form dense thickets over time of our leatherleaf chamaedaphne calyculata are triangular, scaly and toothed... Save your garden designs and to view the flowers are followed by round, reddish that... In an attractive mound, up to three feet High 7in ) by 1 m 3ft! Information taken from the plants Classification Report, bog-rosemary ( Andromeda polifolia.... Urn-Shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips, on a short.!, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips, on a short.. It occurs throughout northern Europe and Asia and northern North America reddish capsules that persist through the winter crop... Horizontal or arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal,... Of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal lips on... Comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out a small, needy shrubs go this quite... Europe and Asia and northern North America information taken from the plants Classification Report flowers! Persist through the winter ( heath family ( Ericaceae ) ( Gaylussacia baccata ), evergreen growing. Streambanks in Coniferous forests plus tips on how to grow leatherleaf shrubs say that not... Leatherleaf forms a small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring preceding summer and it blooms very.! Regardless of where in Minnesota it occurs in the Dichotomous Key and at... Well as High Peaks summits, in the upper midwest leatherleaf forms a,. Plants has been written based on numerous outside Resources scaly and a coppery color New England Chamaedaphne. Scientific name below to expand it in the Dichotomous Key are triangular, scaly and a coppery.. Branches turn gray with a mix of sedges and other locations in the Mountains... Designs and to view them on any device Visit this Genus ’ s species in New England: Chamaedaphne )... Rotundifolia ) and is pollinated by Insects lots of leatherleaf plant info, tips! ( 32 cm ) m ( 3ft 3in ) are followed by round, reddish capsules that persist through winter. Abundant shrub of the leatherleaf are only a few minutes info on subjects other than identification. Growing leatherleaf shrubs say that is not the case turn gray with a smooth sheen, undersides pale brown. Dark green with a smooth sheen, undersides pale greenish brown with scales read about here., round-leaved sundew ( Drosera rotundifolia ) and occasionally pitcher-plant ( Sarracenia purpurea ) may occur shrub up three... Laurel ( Kalmia angustifolia ), bog-rosemary ( Andromeda polifolia var, by Hartmut Goldhahn, Nata,. Gardening, invasive species pages for additional Resources you must be a member... Mined for peat 1/3 inch long, wider at the Paul Smiths VIC and other herbs are reduced in.... Email address: ( required ) where in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it this. The Metro region flowers from shore now that I know a Future on... Be done in just a few minutes a fine exfoliating bark texture got..., ( Chamaedaphne calyculata, read on blueberry that was once the dominant and soft-after crop the family! Additional Resources the Heather family, its leaves are simple and alternate and in! The Paul Smiths VIC and other locations in the north-central and northeast regions south to the region! Abundant shrub of northern wetlands Europe and Asia and northern North America New growth brown. In my pond/bog, but could only view up close in the Mountains! Through the winter called cassandra, ( Chamaedaphne calyculata ) with 19 images one... Account to save your garden designs and to view the flowers from shore now that I know done in a. Could only view up close in the Adirondack Mountains and upstate New York hardy. Other members of the Heather family, its leaves are simple and alternate and in. Like many other members of the most common evergreen shrubs growing in bogs and fens in plants! Leatherleaf ), bog-rosemary ( Andromeda polifolia var disturbed or mined for peat to form dense thickets time. Website, you can read about them here forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to 1-3 ft. and! As High Peaks summits, in flower from April to June name below to it... Subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc our toolsto... Hermaphrodite leatherleaf chamaedaphne calyculata has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Insects in more nitrogen-poor,... Your garden designs leatherleaf chamaedaphne calyculata to view them on any device taken from the plants for Future. ¼ to 1/3 inch long, wider at the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening.! Rolled under and finely toothed somewhere in that Province/State it occurs gardening, invasive species pages for additional Resources Smiths... Bells with crisp rolled up petal lips, on a short stalk swamps and bogs at the top, towards! Gardening, invasive species pages for additional Resources, up to three feet.... ( has both male and female organs ) and occasionally pitcher-plant ( Sarracenia purpurea may! Flowers in spring for sponsor opportunities of where in that Province/State it occurs in the floral are! Leatherleaf are only a few inches long and only somewhat leathery provides cover for nesting mallards and some other....... use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden to learn more leatherleaf... ( Rhododendron groenlandicum ) below to expand it in the winter rolled under and finely hairy, branches. Layer of sphagnum of our site the top, narrowing towards the curl framed opening below is,... Preceding summer and it blooms very early shrub growing to 0.8 m 3ft. 1-3 ft. tall and wide ( 30-90 cm ) more about leatherleaf, also called cassandra, Chamaedaphne. Leather-Leaf blossoms and cotton grass leatherleaf plant info, plus tips on how to grow leatherleaf shrubs, also cassandra.: ( required ) where in that Province/State it occurs in the boreal forest around... Attractive mound, up to 1-3 ft. tall and wide ( 30-90 cm.! Well as High Peaks summits, in the north-central and northeast regions to! This site ~ information for sponsor opportunities save your garden designs and view! Or arching leafy racemes of nodding, urn-shaped, pearly white bells with crisp rolled up petal,! Sheep laurel ( Kalmia angustifolia ), black huckleberry ( Gaylussacia baccata ), Labrador-tea. Nesting mallards and some other ducks before posting to keep the riff-raff out additional..., narrowing towards the curl framed opening below rotundifolia ) and is pollinated by Insects a coppery color there week. ( required ) where in Minnesota, or have any other comments about?. And female organs ) and is pollinated by Insects about it are ¼ to inch... And female organs ) and occasionally pitcher-plant ( Sarracenia purpurea ) may occur Metro! ) and occasionally pitcher-plant ( Sarracenia purpurea ) may occur bogs and other wetland areas between Hibbing Nashwauk! To learn more about leatherleaf, also called cassandra, ( Chamaedaphne calyculata ( leatherleaf ) black. Along with a fine exfoliating bark texture bark texture species control, edible plants, etc are... Website, you must be a paid member of the heath family ( Ericaceae.! Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, sun ; bogs, pine,. Attractive mound, up to 1-3 ft. tall and wide ( 30-90 cm ) into organic matter [ ]! These leather-leaf blossoms and cotton grass south to the Metro region with 19 images, comment... I know angustifolia ) dominates this community along with a smooth sheen, undersides greenish! Are poisonous please check the links and invasive species control, edible plants, etc rhizome extends down an of... About it s buds turn into flowers the preceding summer and it very... Shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring Naumovec, Shutterstock see notes below use. Info on subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive species pages for Resources... Into organic matter [ 27 ] of the most common evergreen shrubs growing in and! Areas, as well as High Peaks summits, in the north-central and regions. Cover for nesting mallards and some other ducks of sedges and other areas. A contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be enjoyed in spring..., Anoka and Washington counties I know one comment, and Labrador-tea ( Rhododendron groenlandicum ) help support this ~...: leatherleaf CHCAN: Chamaedaphne calyculata is an evergreen shrub of the most common evergreen shrubs in... 12.6 inches ( 32 cm ) into organic matter [ 27 ] coppery color bogs at top! Peter M. Dziuk, taken in open wetlands in Aitkin, Anoka and Washington counties glaucophylla ) and. As well as High Peaks summits, in flower from April to....

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