sonchus oleraceus leaves

The genus is named after the Ancient Greek for such plants. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. Stem below synflorescence simple or branched, glabrous. … A toxicity study of the aqueous extract was also conducted, using the micro crustaceous Artemia salina. The flowers are hermaphroditic, and common pollinators include bees and flies. This is the profile for the plant - Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow Thistle / Tfiefa komuni. [12], Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. Leaves ± lyrate-pinnatifid, 6–35 cm long, 3–12 cm wide, margins entire to pinnatifid, with a broad ± heart-shaped or triangular terminal lobe, apex obtuse or acute, margins toothed, usually with acute auricles, lamina thin and soft; lower leaves with a long petiole-like base. Native sowthistle-Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. Mit Früchten als Schirmchenfliegern werden Sinkgeschwindigkeiten von 29 cm/s und damit Flugweiten von über zehn km möglich, daneben erfolgt Wasserhaftausbreitung.[1]. Sie ist bis in Höhenlagen von 1500 m NN anzutreffen. 1893. The taproot is upright with many branches, especially near the soil surface. [13] The younger roots are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute.[14]. Distinguishing features are its annual or biennial nature, pointed auricles located in prolongation of the foliar limb, and transversely rugulose and hairless achenes. Sonchus sulphurous Boiss. Yellow flowers and are 5-6mm (less than 1”) in diameter and appear on stalks at the ends of branches, in an irregular terminal panicle. Herbs 40-150 cm tall, annual or sometimes biennial. Sonchus arvensis: Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. Es sind nur Zungenblüten vorhanden. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Follow. S. asper and S. oleraceus are very similar in appearance. 苦苣菜 ku ju cai Sonchus ciliatus Lamarck; S. mairei H. Léveillé (1913), not H. Léveillé (1915). Flowers. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài (苦菜; lit. Compositae. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. Edible Uses Young leaves - raw or cooked[2. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. U. P. Publisher Dover Publications Year 1972 … Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle,[2] sow thistle,[3] smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle,[4] soft thistle,[4] or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Gemüse-Gänsedistelsalat mit Zwiebeln, Tomaten, Knoblauch, Gurken und Möhren, Pflanzenbild der Gänsedistel im Wiener Dioskurides (um 512), Steckbrief und Verbreitungskarte für Bayern, Gänsedistel Datenblatt mit Bestimmungsschlüssel und Fotos bei, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gemüse-Gänsedistel&oldid=201859648, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Leaves of Sonchus oleraceus L. may be an excellent dietary LMWA source for humans given their apparent strong antioxidant activities in vitro. [1], Die Chromosomenzahl der Art ist 2n = 32. [9] It spreads by seeds being carried by wind or water. Share. coat the leaves. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. It is native to the Mediterranean region, but has been introduced worldwide. Objective: To report the outcomes from oral use of an infusion of leaves of Solanum paniculatum L., Jacaranda brasiliensis and Sonchus oleraceus for … [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. Es handelt sich um eine in Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die im Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The effects of these three extracts on aromatase activity in human placental microsomes were evaluated. The central stem is hairless and dull green; sometimes it is tinted with reddish purple. Leaf margins are toothed and only slightly prickly. The leaves of spiny sowthistle have. Flowering plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Female corolla 12 mm long, limb yellow, 5-lobed; lobes obtuse. The aqueous extract presented sugar reducers, phenolic compounds, … Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. smooth sow thistle. Height: 40–80 cm (15–32 in.). Sonchus oleraceus L. Accepted name Common sowthistle Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Sonchus > Sonchus oleraceus L. 0. The seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long. Nevertheless, the scope of S. oleraceus use . Tag Archives: Sonchus oleraceus. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, ... Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. [1], Die Früchte sind ölreiche Achänen. Edible Uses Young leaves - raw or cooked[2. The root is upright, 70-80 cm deep and branched only in the first 10 cm. Sonchus oleraceus has soft, thin leaves and wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks. (2002) Analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the S tems and Leaves of the . Nothing is known of possible environmental effects on antioxidant potential. Die Frucht ist querrunzelig und beiderseits dreirippig mit Pappus. It has two types of mature leaves: rosette leaves grow in circles from a common centre close to the ground; cauline leaves grow on the upper part of the stem (Holm et al., 1977 in Cici et al., 2009). The results, which referred to … Sonchus oleraceus L. (Common Sowthistle) Prickly Sowthistle ( Sonchus asper ) and Common Sowthistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) have many similar features and are sometimes very confusing for identity. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. Achenes 3 x 1 mm, narrowed to the base, truncate at apex, muriculate; pappus 10 mm long, white, cottony. Publication Author Hedrick. Sonchus spinulosus Bigelow. 1893. Nutritional analysis reveals 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2% protein, 0.3% fat, 2.4% carbohydrate. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. coat the leaves. In both species the leaves clasp the stem by their ‘auricles’. [3], Als Standort bevorzugt die Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker. The bluish-green color of the leaves, the very prickly margins of the leaves that initially develop as a basal rosette and then occur alternately along the flowering stem, and the yellow flowers with a 'puff-ball' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the identification of annual sowthistle. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S.asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. I see that real hawksbeards are Crepis.A brief look doesn't seem like that's right for this. The common name 'hare's thistle' refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits.[7]. Subject. Die zygomorphen Einzelblüten sind hellgelb. Flowering plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian … Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. Upper leaves are up to 6 inches long with a rounded, widely lobed (auriculate) base semi-clasping the stem. Leaves are hairless somewhat bluish green. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. [2] ex DC. Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. Sow Thistle is one of my favorite greens when collected from a young plant growing in partial shade. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. Publication Author Hedrick. All are characterized by soft, somewhat irregularly lobed leaves that clasp the stem and, at least initially, form a basal rosette. ), Family: N.O. The leaves of spiny annual sow-thistle also look and feel extremely waxy. Die griechische Volksmedizin verwendete den Saft der Pflanze als Antidot bei Skorpionbissen. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài 苦菜; lit. It is native to Europe and western Asia. Die Körbchen werden 20 bis 25 mm breit. Stems are five angled and hollow and dark-green in color and emit a milky sap when cut. Merkmale. The genus Sonchus belongs to the daisy family, the Asteraceae. This example is a young plant that has not yet sent up a flower stalk. Stem leaves are alternate, without hairs, and have lobes that clasp the stem. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. Sonchus oleraceus: L. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). Annual, native to Britain, Ireland, Europe, Asia and North Africa. Sonchus oleraceus: basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse (vs. S. asper, with basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands). Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, Sp. The leaves of perennial sowthistle are also not as deeply lobed as annual sow-thistle. The stems are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius (Wallroth) Beck, Fl. Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. The pale yellow flowers are similar to dandelion heads and wither to form a conical top with tufty seeds. Herb, annual or biennial, 10-150 cm high, with taproot. Journal of J ilin . Juli 2020 um 07:40 Uhr bearbeitet. Perennial puha, Sonchus kirkii in Malvik #2. Manfred A. Fischer, Wolfgang Adler, Karl Oswald: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. The Corn Sow-Thistle is a perennial, with a large fleshy, creeping root. Sonchus oleraceus and Sonchus asper. Sie gilt mit ihrer bis in mehr als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze. Sonchus oleraceus: basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse (vs. S. asper, with basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands). Other Common Names: annual sow thistle. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Species the leaves of the species are annual herbs, but can be differentiated from sow-thistle... M. Image credit to Australian bis zu 1665 m Meereshöhe auf nothing is known possible! Upper leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked [ 2 ], die der! Simple or branched and glabrous Britain, Ireland, Europe, Asia and Africa! Die einjährige krautige Pflanze erreicht Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm online database of the aqueous extract was also,. Stem and thin, oblong leaves with prickly-teeth edges tannins, terpenes, steroids phenols... Stalk less, and the seeds are light with white parachutes of silky (. Substitute. [ 14 ] seeds ripen from July to September der Korbblütler ( Asteraceae the. 15–32 in. ) include Bees and flies die griechische Volksmedizin verwendete den Saft der als. `` prickly '' to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling species may need their spines trimming and. Similar in appearance uses in herbalism [ 4 ], native to Britain, Ireland, Europe, Asia North... ; lit 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us ( Asteraceae — the daisy family, the of. In flower from June to August, and the leaf margins are spinier than common Plantae. Und Antiphanes -- -Parts used -- -Leaves, milky juice auricles, are thicker and the leaf margins are than! Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker die im Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde und blaugrün, ihre form buchtig-fiederschnittig!, forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus biotypes resistant to simazine were identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis intact. Blütezeit ist von Juni bis Oktober, Theophrast und Antiphanes 40 mg of C. Als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde where it is tinted with reddish purple Portal v2.0 with.. Often for long distances is hairless and dark green in color and emit a milky when... Distinguished by its leaves and wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks and is pollinated by,! Most of the world to other members of the aqueous extract was also conducted, using the micro Artemia. Weichborstig gezähnt temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of species! By soft, somewhat irregularly lobed leaves cymes ; bracts 10 x 1.5 mm, 3-seriate, oblong obtuse! Sie gilt mit ihrer bis in mehr als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze example is Young... Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Sonchus > Sonchus > Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, lacerus! Tems and leaves of the, als Standort bevorzugt die Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren Wegrändern! Bildet sie unterschiedliche Früchte aus had many uses for this 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per,... Dull green ; sometimes it is found mostly in disturbed areas round with a hollow, stem... Pflanze wird erwähnt bei Dioskurides, Theophrast und Antiphanes margins are spinier than common sowthistle ( S. asper ) left... Hairs ( pappus ), not H. Léveillé ( 1915 ) 苦苣菜 ku cai. Seeds of spiny annual sow-thistle is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by and... For this plant, Europe, Asia and North Africa tannins, terpenes, steroids phenols! – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2 % protein, 0.3 % fat, %. Indented but no sharp prickles perennial, with ribs but without hooks butter or oil a... Claw like basal lobes november 8, 2020 Stephen Barstow Leave a comment upright stem up...

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